Browns lawns, lakes and winding driveways fell into the classification of beautiful. By contrast, anything that was very large, such as mountains, valleys, cliffs, waterfalls and gothic ruins, or which was menacing by its presence, like wolves, bandits or thunder, stimulated a sense of endangered self-preservation. The objects that brought out these thoughts as well as the sensations themselves were dubbed sublime.
no single garden can be considered to be completely sublime, although aspects of Castle Howard certainly qualify. Most eighteenth-century gardens had areas devoted to the creation of sublime effects. The north end of the lake at stourhead, planted with pines, was one example.