An owner of real property has certain ownership rights to use water that is located on the surface or beneath the surface of the land. The users of water are diverse, such as farmers, manufacturers, and consumers.Water pollution and changes in weather patterns that are responsible for below-average rainfall have combined to drastically reduce the amount of usable water available in many sections of the nation and have heightened competition among the users of water.
Many states, in an effort to resolve this conflict, have enacted laws regulating the transfer,ownership, and use of water rights. The source of water governs, to a great extent, a landowners rights to own and use the water. The categories of water sources are a groundwater, such as an underground stream or spring b surface water, which accumulates on the surface of the land from rain and c water that accumulates in a river, stream, or natural lake.